Animal nutrition is constantly advancing to keep up with the strength of society due to the increased demand for animal protein and for more sustainable production. According to data from FAO ( Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) in 2050 the world population will be 9.8 billion people, demanding an increase in production of 200 million tons of animal protein to meet consumption.
In this context, alternative ingredients such as Soy Protein Concentrate (CPS), with high biosecurity, palatability and digestibility, and with less production of polluting residues will be essential to meet this increase in scale and quality.
Soy Protein Concentrate (CPS) is an ingredient, with a crude protein content of around 60%, and a digestibility of 93%. Containing 92% less of allergenic oligosaccharides removed in the alcoholic extraction process. During the process of obtaining the Soy Protein Concentrate, the allergenic proteins are denatured and their anti-nutritional properties are eliminated, thus reducing energy expenditure with cell renewal and reducing the use of antibiotics resulting from less inflammation and intestinal infections.
The Soy Protein Concentrate has high digestibility reducing the amount of excreta, one of the passives of poultry and swine, environmental pollution. It has high palatability allowing the full development of intestinal villi, increasing the villus-crypt ratio, absorbing more nutrients and minimizing waste.
The factors that limit the use of soy in animal nutrition are the presence of several antinutritional factors, such as antigenic proteins, such as Glycine and B-Glycine, these factors cause morphological changes in the intestinal villi, reducing the vilo-crypt ratio, decreasing the area of absorption of nutrients and increasing energy expenditure in carrying out protein turnover. It still has oligosaccharides that are also antinutritional to monogastrics, being raffinose and stachyose the main ones, plus a range of antinutritional factors (Phytic acid, saponins, protease inhibitors, etc.)
Raffinose and stachyose are not digested in the small intestine due to not producing the necessary enzymes. With this, when they pass into the large intestine, they are fermented favoring the production of gases, causing flatulence and abdominal bloating, in addition, these carbohydrates increase the viscosity of the diet, reducing the contact surface of the nutrients with the enzymes, thus reducing food efficiency.
CPS is also an alternative to ingredients of animal origin in the formulations, providing improved zootechnical indexes throughout the animal’s life, with economic benefits and meeting the demand of the most demanding markets for safe and modern food production.